Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum
Broad-billed Motmot, Guajará-Mirim, Rondônia, Brazil, March 2003 - click for larger image Guajará-Mirim, Rondônia, Brazil & Cerro Montezuma, Tatamá, Colombia

The Broad-billed Motmot is distributed from Honduras through Panama and down the Pacific coast to Ecuador and in part of the Amazon Basin south of the Amazon. See the distribution map at NatureServe. It is found mainly in humid forest.

In the sub-species east of the Andes, as in photo 1, it lacks the bare tail shafts that are found elsewhere. One of the features which distinguishes it from the similar, though larger, Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii is a blue-green chin. However, you will note that in photos 2 to 4 there is no such colour on the chin. The sub-species on the western slope of the Andes should be E. p. platyrhynchum which is noted as having a less prominent blue chin spot and Hilty & Brown note that the blue green on the chin is hard to see but it seems to be totally absent from these birds.

Broad-billed Motmot, Cerro Montezuma, Tatamá, Risaralda, Colombia, April 2012 - click for larger image Other distinguishing features are larger dark spots on the breast looking like three joined up spots and the less extensive rufous on the breast which does not extend to the belly. The calls are also distinctive.

They feed mainly on insects and their larvae and can often be found following ant-swarms to capture the prey that these disturb. Like all motmots, it nests in a burrow in the ground or on a bank.

Broad-billed Motmot, Cerro Montezuma, Tatamá, Risaralda, Colombia, April 2012 - click for larger image
Broad-billed Motmot, Cerro Montezuma, Tatamá, Risaralda, Colombia, April 2012 - click for larger image
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