Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca fumicolor

Colombian name: Pitajo Ahumado

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant, Chingaza NP, Cundinamarca, Colombia, April 2012 - click for larger image Colombia

The Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant is distributed in the Andes from western Venezuela to western Bolivia. See the distribution map at NatureServe. It is found in shrubby areas and woodland borders mainly at or just above the treeline at between 2,600 and 4,400 metres.

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant, Chingaza NP, Cundinamarca, Colombia, April 2012 - click for larger image It is usually seen perched quite openly singly or in pairs. It sallies from the perch to catch its insect prey either in the air or on the ground.

There are 5 sub-species. Photos 1 and 2 from the eastern Andes of Colombia show the nominate sub-species with a paler supercilium and paler underparts around the crissum. Photo 3 from the central Andes (Nevado del Ruiz) shows either the sub-species O. f. ferruginea or O. f. brunneifrons with more uniformly cinnamon-rufous underparts and a more buffy supercilium.

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant, Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia, April 2012 - click for larger image
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