Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatus

Brazilian name: Arapaçu-de-garganta-amarela

Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Borba, Amazonas, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image Brazil

The Buff-throated Woodpecker is distributed throughout most of the Amazon Basin with disjunct populations in north-east Brazil. But it is a complex with several sub-species and some doubt as to the relationships.

The first two photos were taken at Borba on the eastern bank of the rio Madeira and are of the sub-species X. g. vicinalis.

Some authorities group this sub-species with X. g. eytoni and elevate it to a species called Dusky-billed Woodcreeper. This is differentiated mainly by its darker bill and whiter spots on the crown, streaks on the back and throat. Those who disagree that Dusky-billed Woodcreeper is a full species often point to X. g. vicinalis as being intermediate between X. g. eytoni and the other main group represented here in photos 3 to 6, taken at São Gabriel da Cachoeira, by the sub-species X. g. guttatoides. Here you will see the paler bill and the buffier spots, streaks and throat.

Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Borba, Amazonas, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image Photo 7 taken at Porto Seguro, Bahia is of the nominate sub-species while photos 8 and 9 are of the sub-species X. g. gracilirostris which is restricted to the Serra de Baturité and other nearby serras in Ceará. This has a longer, slimmer and more deeply curved bill.

It is found in humid forest both terra firme and seasonally flooded and it tends to be one of the more vocal woodcreepers.

There are recordings on xeno-canto, a distribution map from NatureServe and additional information available via Avibase. There is a page in Portuguese on Wikiaves.

Buff-throated Woodcreeper, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image
Buff-throated Woodcreeper, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image
Buff-throated Woodcreeper, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image
Buff-throated Woodcreeper, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image
Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Porto Seguro, Bahia, Brazil, October 2008 - click for larger image
Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Serra de Baturité, Ceará, Brazil, October 2008 - click for larger image
Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Serra de Baturité, Ceará, Brazil, October 2008 - click for larger image
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