Brazilian name: Arapaçu-de-garganta-amarela
The Buff-throated Woodpecker is distributed throughout most of the Amazon Basin with disjunct populations in north-east Brazil. But it is a complex with several sub-species and some doubt as to the relationships.
The first two photos were taken at Borba on the eastern bank of the rio Madeira and are of the sub-species X. g. vicinalis.
Some authorities group this sub-species with X. g. eytoni and elevate it to a species called Dusky-billed Woodcreeper. This is differentiated mainly by its darker bill and whiter spots on the crown, streaks on the back and throat. Those who disagree that Dusky-billed Woodcreeper is a full species often point to X. g. vicinalis as being intermediate between X. g. eytoni and the other main group represented here in photos 3 to 6, taken at São Gabriel da Cachoeira, by the sub-species X. g. guttatoides. Here you will see the paler bill and the buffier spots, streaks and throat.
|Photo 7 taken at Porto
Seguro, Bahia is of the nominate sub-species while photos 8 and 9
are of the sub-species X. g. gracilirostris which is
restricted to the Serra de Baturité and other nearby
serras in Ceará. This has a longer, slimmer and more
deeply curved bill.
It is found in humid forest both terra firme and seasonally flooded and it tends to be one of the more vocal woodcreepers.
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