The Chestnut Woodpecker is fairly large at 28cm. (11") and, as its name implies, is generally chestnut in colour with little or no barring, yellowish rump and flanks, a yellow bill and a hammerhead with prominent crest. The male has a red malar stripe.
It is found in forest in the Amazon and Orinoco Basins where it gleans insects, larvae, etc., from bark and also feeds on termite nests in the trees. Another source of food is fruit.