Swallow Flycatcher Hirundinea bellicosa
(aka Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea)

Brazilian name: gibão-de-couro
Cliff Flycatcher, Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil, July 2002 - click for larger image Brazil

Swallow Flycatchers along with Cliff Flycatchers H ferruginea are to be found around cliffs and rocky canyons and are possibly the only tyrannid that builds its nest on cliffs and, nowadays, buildings.

It has a conspicuous cinnamon rufous-rump and base of the tail which is one of the features that distinguishes it from Cliff Flycatcher.

Cliff Flycatcher, Vargem Alta, Espírito Santo, Brazil, March 2004 - click for larger image It is distributed in eastern and southern Brazil and adjacent areas of Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay with a disjunct population (ssp H. b. pallidior) from north-west Bolivia to north-west Argentina. See the distribution map at Birdlife International.
Cliff Flycatcher, Camacã, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image The bird in photo 4 has dull underparts and a smaller rufous window on its wings which suggests to me that it is a juvenile although this photo was taken early in the breeding season.

Cliff Flycatcher, Camacã, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
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