Ferruginous Pygmy Owl Glaucidium brasilianum

Brazilian name: caburé
Ferruginous Pygmy-owl, Vila Bela de Santíssima Trindade, Mato Grosso, Brazil, March 2003 - click for larger image Brazil and Honduras

The Ferruginous Pygmy Owl is distributed from Mexico through Central and South America as far as northern Argentina. See the distribution map at Birdlife International. It is found in a wide variety of habitats from primary forest to coastal scrub

Ferruginous Pygmy-owl, Camaçari, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image Apart from the normal colouring, it has two different colour morphs: greyish-brown (as in photo 1) and rufous. It has two large spots or "false eyes" on the back of its neck (as in photo 3). This may confuse both prey and predators. Its underparts are white with broad brown or rufous streaks although there is wide variation in this streaking.
Ferruginous Pygmy-owl, Camaçari, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image

It is active both day and night and is often mobbed by small birds. It flicks its tail when agitated.

There is a comprehensive article at http://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p_spp=212056.

Ferruginous Pygmy-owl, Camacã, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image

Photos 6 and 7 from Honduras show the sub-species G. b. ridgwayi considered by some authorities to be a distinct species Ridgway's Pygmy-owl G. ridgwayi but not by the HBW and Birdlife International Checklist on the basis that the differences in vocalisation are very slight.

Ferruginous Pygmy-owl, Camacã, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
Ferruginous Pygmy-owl, Copan Ruinas, Honduras, March 2015 - click for larger image
Ferruginous Pygmy-owl, Copan Ruinas, Honduras, March 2015 - click for larger image
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