|Golden-billed Saltator Saltator aurantiirostris
|Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and Cajamarca, Peru
The Golden-billed Saltator is distributed in the Peruvian Andes and in north and central Argentina, western Paraguay, Uruguay and the extreme south of Brazil. See the distribution map at Birdlife International. It is found in dry montane scrub and woodland as well as chaco and espinilho woodland.
|The bill varies in colour with the male having a mainly or entirely orange bill, the female having a black bill with some orange spots and the immatures having a mainly black bill. Since photos 1 to 3 were taken in the austral spring I presume that the individuals with entirely black bills are females. There is a conspicuous white stripe behind the eye and the white or buffy throat is surrounded by a black band.|
|There are 6 sub-species with apparently quite wide plumage variation. Photos 1 to 3 are of the S. a.
parkesi sub-species while photo 4 from Peru is of the sub-species S. a. iteratus .
They are usually heard before they are seen and usually found in pairs.
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