Orange-backed Troupial Icterus croconotus

Brazilian name : joão-pinto

Orange-backed Troupial, Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil, December 2006 - click for larger image Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil and Cordillera Escalera, San Martin, Peru

This species is sometimes lumped with Campo Troupial I. jamacaii into Troupial I. icterus. For notes on the taxonomy of these species see Campo Troupial.

Orange-backed Troupial, Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil, December 2006 - click for larger image Orange-backed Troupial is distributed from the Guianas through the Amazon Basin to south-east Peru and from there through Bolivia into south-west Brazil and northern Argentina. See the distribution map at Birdlife International. It is found on the forest edge and open woodland particularly along rivers and roads.
Orange-backed Troupial, Cordillera Escalera, San Martin, Peru, October 2018 - click for larger image Compared to Campo Troupial note its orange crown, nape and back. The patch of blue skin round the yellow eye is noticeably larger than in Campo Troupial.

Photos 1 and 2 from the Brazilian Pantanal show the sub-species I. c. strictifrons which has less black on the forehead and more white on the wings compared to the nominate species shown in photos 3 and 4.

Orange-backed Troupial, Cordillera Escalera, San Martin, Peru, October 2018 - click for larger image

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