Plain Antvireo (Dysithamnus mentalis)
Male Plain Antvireo, Jaqueira, Pernambuco, Brazil, March 2004 - click for larger image Brazil

The Plain Antvireo is distributed from Mexico through Central America and into tropical South America with the exception of the Amazon Basin. It is generally found in humid, montane forest but also occurs in deciduous forest and secondary woodland.

Male Plain Antvireo, Jaqueira, Pernambuco, Brazil, March 2004 - click for larger image There are 18 sub-species. Photos 1 and 2 are of the sub-species D. m. emiliae from north-east Brazil which is very similar to the nominate species from south-east Brazil seen in photos 3 to 5.

The male has a grey head with darker patches round the ears and an olive-grey back. It has white spots on the wing-coverts while below it is pale grey with a whitish throat and a yellowish belly. The female (photos 4 and 5) is olive-brown above with a rufous crown.

Male Plain Antvireo, Folha Seca, Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil, December 2006 - click for larger image It feeds on insects and their larvae which it gleans mainly from live leaves, branches and twigs, but less often from dead leaves as in the case of photo 2.

The song is a short series of accelerating notes dropping in pitch. There are excellent recordings on the xeno-canto website.

Female Plain Antvireo, Folha Seca, Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil, December 2006 - click for larger image
Female Plain Antvireo, Folha Seca, Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil, December 2006 - click for larger image
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