Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus

Brazilian name:
Frango-d'água-azul
Purple Gallinule, Aguas de São Pedro, São Paulo, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image Brazil

The Purple Gallinule is distributed from the USA through Central America and the Caribbean into most of South America as far south as northern Argentina. It is found in wetlands, marshes, pools and along the coast and requires aquatic vegetation for breeding.

Purple Gallinule, Aguas de São Pedro, São Paulo, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image The adult is a very colourful bird with purple head, neck, breast and flanks, petrol green back and wings and all white undertail coverts. The bill is red with a yellow tip and a sky-blue frontal shield while the legs are yellow.

The immatures in photos 4 and 5 are much more drab particularly in photo 5 where it seems to have been digging some tasty morsel out of the mud.

Purple Gallinule, Aguas de São Pedro, São Paulo, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image There are recordings on xeno-canto, a distribution map from NatureServe and additional information available via Avibase.
Immature Purple Gallinule, Aguas de São Pedro, São Paulo, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image
Immature Purple Gallinule, Aguas de São Pedro, São Paulo, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image
Purple Gallinule, Aguas de São Pedro, São Paulo, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
Purple Gallinule, Aguas de São Pedro, São Paulo, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
Purple Gallinule, Aguas de São Pedro, São Paulo, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
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