Rufous-throated Hummingbird Amazilia sapphirina

(aka Rufous-throated Sapphire Hylocharis sapphirina)
Brazilian name: beija-flor-safira
Rufous-throated Sapphire, Porto Seguro, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image Veracel Reserve, Porto Seguro, Bahia, Brazil
November 2008
 

The Rufous-throated Hummingbird is distributed in a large part of the Amazon Basin with a disjunct population in central and eastern Brazil and adjacent areas of Argentina.

Previously regarded as having two sub-species it is now thought to be monotypic.

It is found mainly at forest edges and in grassland with trees.

The male has a violet-blue throat and chest with a bright rufous chin. The bill is straight and red with a black tip.

Rufous-throated Sapphire, Porto Seguro, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image Photos 1 to 3 are of a female while the more intense rufous on the chin of the bird in photo 4 suggests that it might be an immature male. While there were several birds feeding from the flowers shown in photo 3 there did not seem to be any mature males present though there was a mature male White-chinned Sapphire H. cyanus. The female has a pale rufous chin and greyish underparts with blue-green discs on the throat and chest.
Rufous-throated Sapphire, Porto Seguro, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image There are recordings and a distribution map on xeno-canto and additional information is available via Avibase.
Rufous-throated Sapphire, Porto Seguro, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
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