|Spot-backed Antbird Hylophylax naevius
Brazilian name: guarda-floresta
The Spot-backed Antbird is distributed throughout most of the Amazonian Basin. It is found in the undergrowth of humid forest where it is usually found foraging within 3 metres of the ground. It is not normally found with mixed flocks nor does it follow antswarms as a rule.
|The male, shown in all these photos, has a grey face, a black throat and a band of large black spots across its white breast. The back shows large buff spots, the tail is brownish with a white tip and there are 3 distinct buffy-white wing-bars as well as buffy tips to the tertials. It has a semi-concealed white dorsal patch which can be seen in the 4th photo. The legs are pinkish and the iris greyish.|
|The female is similar but has a white throat with black malar stripe, has buff wing-markings and is mostly ochraceous below.
There are several sub-species. The first photo, taken on the right bank of the rio Negro near São Gabriel da Cachoeira, shows the nominate sub-species with a browny-grey crown and upper back.
|Photos 2, 3 and 4, taken near Borba, show the sub-species H. n. theresae which has a grey head and more spots on the breast.|
|Photos 5 and 6, taken at the Cristalino Lodge in Mato Grosso show a male of the sub-species H. n. ochraceus which has a deeper ochraceous colour on the flanks, fewer breast spots and a smaller white dorsal patch.
There are recordings on xeno-canto.