Common Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus

Brazilian name: príncipe

Chilean name:
saca-tu-real
Male  Vermilion Flycatcher, Emas, Goiás, Brazil, April 2001 - click for larger image Brazil, Colombia and Chile

The male Common Vermilion Flycatcher is a stunning bird with its head and underparts a brilliant scarlet apart from a thick dark line through the eye.

Male  Vermilion Flycatcher, Roraima, Brazil, July 2001 - click for larger image The first photo is either of a young male coming into breeding plumage for the first time or an eclipse male which has lost some of its scarlet colouring during the non-breeding season.

The female, seen in photo 6, has very different colouring being dusky brown with a streaked greyish breast and normally some pink on the belly.

Male  Vermilion Flycatcher, Roraima, Brazil, July 2001 - click for larger image They are found in open areas with some trees or bushes and can be found in parks and gardens. They range from south west USA to central Argentina but are not found in Amazonia or eastern Brazil except when on migration during the southern winter. See the distribution map at Birdlife International.
Male  Vermilion Flycatcher, Barra de Quaraí, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image Photos 5 and 6 were taken in northern Chile and are of the sub-species P. r. cocachacrae where the male has a slightly less dark back and less bright red underparts.

Photos 7 to 9 were taken in the Cauca Valley, Colombia and show the sub-species P. r. piurae where the male has a darker back and more vibrant red.

Male  Vermilion Flycatcher, Azapa Valley, Chile, February 2007 - click for larger image
Female  Vermilion Flycatcher, Azapa Valley, Chile, February 2007 - click for larger image
Female  Vermilion Flycatcher, Los Cerritos, Risaralda, Colombia, April 2012 - click for larger image
Male  Vermilion Flycatcher, Los Cerritos, Risaralda, Colombia, April 2012 - click for larger image
Male  Vermilion Flycatcher, Los Cerritos, Risaralda, Colombia, April 2012 - click for larger image
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