Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca
(aka
Melanotrichus fuscus)

Brazilian name: Beija-flor-preto
Black Jacobin, Ubatuba, Brazil, November 2006 - click for larger image Brazil

Sick classifies the Black Jacobin as a Brazilian endemic but the HBW includes parts of Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina in its range.

It is a fairly large and strikingly black and white hummingbird which is found in woodlands and gardens in south-east Brazil. The lower back, uppertail-coverts and upperwing coverts are a shining bronzy-green.

The immature has broad cinnamon bands on the sides of the throat as seen in the third and fourth photos.

The nest is cup-shaped, made of vegetable fibres and spiders' webs and is attached to the midrib of a strong horizontal leaf.

Black Jacobin, Ubatuba, Brazil, February 2002 - click for larger image It seems to be migratory or at least is more abundant in some seasons rather than others.

There are recordings on xeno-canto, a distribution map from NatureServe and Additional information available via Avibase .

Juvenile Black Jacobin, Ubatuba, Brazil, November 2006 - click for larger image
Immature Black Jacobin, Ubatuba, Brazil, February 2002 - click for larger image
Black Jacobin, Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
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