|Saw-billed Hermit (Ramphodon naevius)|
|Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil
The Saw-billed Hermit used to be considered a
Brazilian endemic found in the coastal forest
of south-east Brazil up to about 500 metres but it has been seen in the
extreme north of Argentina.
Largely because of habitat loss it is considered Near threatened by Birdlife International.
It is one of the largest and heaviest of hummingbirds weighing in at about 10 grams.
|You can get a feel for its relative size in the second photo. This bird had flown into the house and had to be caught and released outside. He sat very still for a couple of seconds (while he had his photo taken) before flying off.
The name "saw-billed" comes from tiny serrations on the bill.
|The markings are quite striking with buffy supercilium, an orange throat with a dark stripe down the middle, a pale lower mandible, a heavily streaked breast and a roundish tail with buffy-brown tips.
You are supposed to be able to tell the female by the shorter, slightly decurved bill without the small hooked tip of the male. The male is also more strongly marked below. On this basis I would say that photos 3, 4 and 5 are of a male while photos 1 and 6 are of a female.
Hermits are "trap-line feeders" which means that they visit plants for nectar along a fairly long route as opposed to most other hummingbirds who are highly territorial and will vigorously defend the nectar sources in its patch.
There is an illustration in HBW, Volume 5, Page 536.