|Red-spectacled Amazon (Amazona
(aka Red-spectacled Parrot)
|Santana da Boa Vista, Rio Grande do Sul,
The Red-spectacled Amazon is almost confined to the state of Rio Grande do Sul but with some wintering birds in south-east Santa Catarina and some scarce records for Argentina and Paraguay. The distribution map from NatureServe shows that distribution stretches further north than this.
|It is classified by Birdlife International as Vulnerable because of its restricted range and the fact that it is a target of illegal trapping for the caged bird trade. Its rapid decline during the 20th century reflects the deforestation of Rio Grande do Sul. In 1914 25% of the state was forested but by 1988 this had dropped to 3%.|
|During the breeding season
from September to January the birds disperse to savanna woodland
and gallery forests where they nest in tree hollows. During the
non-breeding season they are associated more with
Araucaria forest eating the pine nuts when they ripen. It
is at this time of year that they can roost in large flocks at
The pair of birds in these photos were flying over the rio Camaquã and you can see the red on the forehead, face and front edge of the wings, the pale bill and the white eye-ring. The bird furthest from the camera is the male which shows more extensive red on the wings while the female is nearest the camera.
There is an excellent page by Birdlife International here.
Jeremy Minns recorded these two birds as they flew over though only one bird was vocalizing.
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