Brazilian name: Choca-da-mata
| Teresópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The Variable Antshrike is well named because it is highly variable across its range from Peru and Bolivia to Paraguay, northern Argentina and southern Brazil. There is a disjunct population in north east Brazil.
|There are 12 subspecies and there may be more than one species
involved. Photos 1 and 2 are of a male of the nominate sub-species which
is grey above with a black crown, white wing-bars, and white tips to the
tail feathers. The wings have a browny tinge. Note that there is no tawny
colouration on the flanks or crissum of this sub-species.
This is also the case in photo 3, a male of the sub-species T. c. cearensis photographed at the Serra de Baturité, Ceará.
It is normally found in the lower growth of forest often at the forest edges. This bird was photographed in restinga, lowland sandy forest.
It is often seen lowering and raising its tail slowly and usually travels in pairs, sometimes forming part of a mixed flock.